Chandrayaan 3

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India has once again soared to new heights with the successful launch of Chandrayaan 3, a space mission that showcases the nation’s remarkable technological achievements. This groundbreaking endeavor marks another milestone for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and reinforces India’s commitment to pushing the boundaries of space exploration. Chandrayaan 3 not only signifies our scientific prowess but also holds immense potential for shaping the future of our space program.

Launching date of Chandrayaan 3:

Chandrayaan 3 was launched on 14 July 2023, at 09:05 UTC from Satish Dhawan Space Centre Second Launch Pad in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Landing on Moon:

After its successful launch, Chandrayaan 3 is successfully completed the critical and important process to touch down on the lunar surface on 23.08.2023. This will be a moment of great anticipation and thrill for both scientists and space enthusiasts alike. The lunar landing carries great significance, as it opens up a world of possibilities for further research and exploration on Earth’s celestial neighbor.

Launching and Landing dateDate/
Time (UTC)
Earth orbit: Launch
14 July 2023 09:05
23 August 2023 12:32
Rover deployment
23 August 2023

Important Facts:

  • It consists of a lander named Vikram and a rover named Pragyan, similar to those of the Chandrayaan-2 mission.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the touchdown point of the Vikram lander would henceforth be known as the ‘Shivshakti Point’.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi is also declared August 23, the day the Vikram lander descended on the moon, as National Space Day.
  • 4 Countries landed on moon’s Surface is USA, USSR, China, India.
  • Countries that have landed on Moon’s South Pole is India.
Credit to ISRO

Technological Marvels Unveiled:

Advanced Lunar Lander and Rover

Chandrayaan 3 features a state-of-the-art lunar lander and rover that are a testament to India’s unwavering dedication to technological innovation. Equipped with cutting-edge sensors, high-resolution cameras, and robust communication systems, these sophisticated machines are poised to undertake intricate scientific experiments and collect invaluable data from the lunar surface. With enhanced mobility and adaptability, they can traverse even the most challenging terrains, unraveling mysteries that have long fascinated mankind.

Chandrayaan 3

Upgraded Orbiter

The orbital component of Chandrayaan 3 outshines its predecessors with advanced capabilities. Equipped with an upgraded payload of scientific instruments, the orbiter can conduct comprehensive studies, enabling scientists to delve deeper into lunar mysteries. Its high-resolution cameras and spectrometers provide unparalleled precision, facilitating detailed mapping and analysis of the moon’s surface, composition, and environment. This invaluable data will contribute to a better understanding of celestial bodies, setting the stage for future explorations.

Robust Communication System

A key element of Chandrayaan 3’s success lies in its robust communication system. The spacecraft leverages cutting-edge technology to establish seamless communication links between the lander, rover, and orbiter. This ensures efficient data transmission, real-time monitoring, and coordination between the different elements, ultimately enhancing the mission’s effectiveness. Such technological prowess strengthens India’s position in the global space race and reinforces its commitment to interplanetary collaborations.

Achievements and Milestones

Chandrayaan-2’s Legacy

On 22 July 2019, ISRO launched Chandrayaan-2 consisting of an orbiter, a lander and a rover. The lander was scheduled to touch down on the lunar surface on 6 September 2019 to deploy the Pragyan rover. The failure of Chandrayaan-2 paved the way for Chandrayaan-3. Although the previous mission faced unforeseen challenges during the soft landing phase, it was a significant achievement in its own right. The orbiter component of Chandrayaan-2 continues to orbit the moon, transmitting crucial data that proves invaluable to scientists. Building on this legacy, Chandrayaan-3 aims to overcome previous obstacles and accomplish a successful landing, further establishing India as a prominent player in the field of lunar exploration.

Chandrayaan 3

Lessons Learned

The setbacks faced during Chandrayaan-2 have allowed ISRO scientists to gain invaluable insights and valuable lessons. The meticulous analysis of data and the rigorous evaluation of the mission’s performance have led to significant improvements in Chandrayaan-3. By rectifying previous shortcomings and incorporating necessary modifications, the space agency exemplifies its commitment to progress and has enhanced the prospects of a triumphant lunar landing mission.

The Future of Chandrayaan Programme:

Chandrayaan 3

Collaborative Endeavors

India’s space endeavors have always been characterized by a spirit of collaboration and inclusivity. The Chandrayaan program is no exception. As we embark on Chandrayaan-3, ISRO actively seeks partnerships with international space agencies, fostering global scientific cooperation. Shared knowledge, resources, and expertise are instrumental in propelling space exploration to new frontiers, and Chandrayaan-3 epitomizes India’s dedication to fostering strong collaborative ties in the pursuit of scientific advancement.

Expanding Scientific Frontiers:

Beyond its immediate objectives, Chandrayaan 3 is a stepping stone towards loftier ambitions. India envisions the exploration of Mars, Venus, and other celestial bodies in the near future. By leveraging the technological expertise gained through the Chandrayaan program, ISRO is poised to enhance interplanetary missions, opening up new avenues for groundbreaking discoveries. Chandrayaan-3 is a testament to India’s resolve to unravel the mysteries of the universe and expand the scientific frontiers for the benefit of humanity.

Specification of Chandrayaan 3:

Sl No.ParameterSpecifications
1.Mission Life (Lander & Rover)One lunar day (~14 Earth days)
2.Landing Site (Prime)4 km x 2.4 km 69.367621 S, 32.348126 E
3.Science PayloadsLander:Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA)Chandra’s Surface Thermo physical Experiment (ChaSTE)Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA)Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA) Rover:Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS)Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) Propulsion Module:Spectro-polarimetry of HAbitable Planet Earth (SHAPE)
4.Two Module ConfigurationPropulsion Module (Carries Lander from launch injection to Lunar orbit)Lander Module (Rover is accommodated inside the Lander)
5.MassPropulsion Module: 2148 kgLander Module: 1752 kg including Rover of 26 kgTotal: 3900 kg
6.Power generationPropulsion Module: 758 WLander Module: 738W, WS with BiasRover: 50W
7.CommunicationPropulsion Module: Communicates with IDSNLander Module: Communicates with IDSN and Rover. Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter is also planned for contingency link.Rover: Communicates only with Lander.
8.Lander SensorsLaser Inertial Referencing and Accelerometer Package (LIRAP)Ka-Band Altimeter (KaRA)Lander Position Detection Camera (LPDC)LHDAC (Lander Hazard Detection & Avoidance Camera)Laser Altimeter (LASA)Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV)Lander Horizontal Velocity Camera (LHVC)Micro Star sensorInclinometer & Touchdown sensors
9.Lander ActuatorsReaction wheels – 4 nos (10 Nms & 0.1 Nm)
10.Lander Propulsion SystemBi-Propellant Propulsion System (MMH + MON3), 4 nos. of 800 N Throttleable engines & 8 nos. of 58 N; Throttleable Engine Control Electronics
11.Lander MechanismsLander legRover Ramp (Primary & Secondary)RoverILSA, Rambha & Chaste PayloadsUmbilical connector Protection Mechanism,X- Band Antenna
12.Lander Touchdown specificationsVertical velocity: ≤ 2 m / secHorizontal velocity: ≤ 0.5 m / secSlope: ≤ 12 deg
Credit to ISRO
Chandrayaan 3

Chandrayaan 3 represents a significant leap for India’s space exploration efforts. With its technological marvels, achievements, and a vision for the future, this mission demonstrates our nation’s commitment to pushing boundaries and pioneering discovery. As we look ahead, we eagerly anticipate the remarkable findings and scientific breakthroughs that Chandrayaan 3 will undoubtedly bring, fostering global collaboration and inspiring generations to come. Chandrayaan 3 is an embodiment of our relentless pursuit of knowledge, bolstering India’s position in the celestial realm.

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